DISTRICT RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY MALAPPURAM

ORGANISATIONAL SETUP OF DRDA

Malappuram District Rural Development Agency was formed under the Charitable Societies Act for the Co-ordination, Monitoring and speedy implementation of all anti poverty programs sponsored and financed by Govt. of India. Funds were received directly from Govt. of India, and State Govt. for distribution among the three tier Panchayats Samities. Earlier, a Governing body consists of all MPs and MLAs of the District, all Block Panchayats Presidents, Representatives of Banks, Voluntary Organisations and line Departments. The Governing Body have the powers to decide the implementation of various schemes, allocation of funds to various implementation agencies, monitoring and evaluation of Schemes etc.

 After the implementation of Panchayati Raj System, DRDAs (District Rural Development Agency) formally abolished as a separate entity and placed under the control of District Panchayat.  The District Panchayat will act as the Governing body.  The DRDA is re-designated as Poverty Alleviation Unit.

 STAFF PATTERN OF DRDA

 The entire administrative expenses of DRDA is shared by Govt.of India, and State Govt. on a 75:25 basis.  The annual allocation for this District is Rs.65 lakhs.  The staff pattern recommended by Govt. of India is elaborate and exhaustive, this pattern is yet to be implemented in this state. At present the staff pattern implemented in this State is as follows.

1.               PROJECT DIRECTOR

The Project Officer is the head of DRDA and the implementing officer of the Poverty Alleviation Programmes of the District Panchayat.  He is responsible for the timely flow of funds to three tier Panchayat Samities, Audit, Claiming funds from Centre & State etc.

 Present : Sri.M.V.Aravindakshan Nair.

 2.               ASST. PROJECT OFFICER (PLANNING & MONITORING)

Asst. Project Officer (Planning & Monitoring) is the Second Officer of DRDA, Who will assist the Project Officer in the implementation of all Schemes besides administration.  The APO is responsible for monitoring and collecting of accounts.  He is also responsible for the timely sending of proposals to Govt. of India and State Govt.

 Present : Sri.N.Asoka Kumar.

 3.               ASST. PROJECT OFFICER (WOMEN DEVELOPMENT)

Asst. Project Officer (Women Development) is the implementing Officer of all women related programmes   of District Panchayat. APO (WD) will also monitor all the women programmes at Block Panchayats and Grama Panchayats.

 Present : Smt.C.P.Asha.

 4.               ASST. PROJECT OFFICER (TRAINING & RURAL INDUSTRIES)

Asst. Project Officer (Training & Rural Industries) is responsible for the monitoring of training and setting up of Rural industries under various anti poverty programmes .  This post is reserved for officers from Industries Department.

Present : Sri.M.V.Yohannan.

 5.               ASST. EXECUTIVE ENGINEERS & DRAFTSMEN

They have to Technically supervise all the works programmes of the DRDA.  These posts are reserved for persons from Public works Departments

Engineers

Draftsmen

Present : 1) Sri.T.R.Chidambaran

                2) Sri.C.A.Mohammed

Present : 1) Sri.Venugopalan

                2) Sri.O.P.Moideen

 6.               ACCOUNTS OFFICER

The Accounts Officer is responsible for the proper maintenance of accounts and audit.  This is a deputation post from other departments.

Present :  Sri.M.Abdul Kareem

7.               MINISTERIAL WING

The Ministerial Staff is selected from the State Rural Development Department.  This is headed by a Head Clerk, 6 Clerks, Typist and Class IV employees.

 IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMMES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PANCHAYATI RAJ SYSTEM

All the anti poverty programmes were directly implemented by the three tier Panchayat Samities. All funds for the programmes from the Central and State Govts. were directly received by the DRDA for distribution among various Panchayat Samities.  The following are the Major anti-poverty programmes implemented by the three tier panchayat samities.

 1.               PEOPLES PLAN CAMPAIGN

This is a novel programme implemented only in Kerala,  40%  of State Plan funds were earmarked for the three-tier Panchayat Samities.  The Funds were distributed to the Panchayats according to certain norms fixed by the State Planning Board.  The total amount distributed to the Panchayats annually comes to about Rs.1500 crores. The main feature of this programme is that all projects and works were selected by the Grama Sabhas subject to availability of funds.  The needs of the area is prioritised and implemented on this priority.  Various levels of peoples representatives and voluntary workers were constituted for the successful implementation of this programme.  The main result of this programme are

a.              Increased people participation

b.              Need based implementation

c.               Decrease of beaurocratic hegemony

d.              Curtailment of Corruption

The Panchayats have to make annual plans allocating funds for various sectors.  The Projects have to be taken on a priority basis from the proposals forwarded from Grama Sabhas.

All the other antipoverty programmes were integrated with the peoples plan campaign and implemented likewise

 2.               SWARNAJAYANTHI GRAMA SWAROZGAR YOJANA (SGSY)

This Scheme is launched by the Government of India by integrating 6 earlier schemes, namely IRDP, DWCRA, TRYSEM, SITRA, GKY and MWS.  This new self employment scheme consists of all aspects of rural self employment like Training, Subsidy and Bank Credit, Infrastructure Development, Marketing Promotion of Self Help Groups.  Viable and Technically feasible self employment ventures can be taken up by families living below poverty line.  75% of the allocation of subsidy is earmarked for groups.  Financing institutions were actively  involved in this programmes from the beginning.  Groups were selected from the self help groups which have successfully worked for atleast one year.  The Project cost is as per the need of the beneficiary.  For groups the maximum eligible subsidy is Rs.1.25 lakhs,  for individual it is Rs.10,000/- for SC/ST and Rs.7,500/- for others.  The minimum additional income expected is Rs.2,000/- per month after loan repayment. It is expected that within 5 years 30% of the B.P.L. families will cross the B.P.L. line in each Block Panchayat.  The economic activities were taken in the activity cluster selected by the Block Panchayats.  This activities are recommended by Block level SGSY Samithi and approved by District  level SGSY Samithi. These Samithies are manned by Bankers, Peoples representatives, Voluntary workers and Officers from line Departments.  Block Panchayat is implementing the Scheme. The beneficiaries were selected by the Grama Sabhas from among the BPL family list.  This scheme is shared by Govt. of India and State Govt. on a 75:25 basis

3.               JAWAHAR GRAMA SAMRIDHI YOJANA (JGSY)

In lieu of JRY this new JGSY scheme was launched by Govt. of India from 01-04-1999. Grama Panchayats are the implementing agency of this Scheme.  Govt. of India and the State Govt. is sharing on a 75:25 basis.  22.5% of the funds are earmarked for the individual beneficiary schemes of SC/ST.  The funds were allocated on the basis of SC/ST population.  7.5% of the allocation is earmarked for administrative cost.  The projects were selected by the Grama Sabha and approved by the Grama Panchayats works were executed by the beneficiary committees and not by contractors.

4.                 EMPLOYMENT ASSURANCE SCHEME (EAS)

The main objectives of the scheme is to ensure 100 days employment for unskilled agricultural laborers in lean agricultural season.  Also creation of durable community assets is another objects.  The funds for the programme is shared by the Govt. of India and State Govt. on a 75:25 basis. The scheme is implemented by District Panchayat and Block Panchcyats on a 30:70 basis. 

The works were proposed by the Grama Sabhas and approved by the concerned Panchayats.  The administrative sanction is issued by the concerned Panchayats.  The works are executed by the locally selected beneficiary committee.

 5.               RESTRUCTURED RURAL SANITATION PROGRAMME (RCRSP)

The earlier CRSP was drastically restructured and the new RCRSP was launched by Govt. of India.  The main features are shown below:

Low subsidy, Higher Beneficiary Contribution, Various Designs for vertical upgradation, Rural Sanitation Mart, Production Centres, School Sanitation, IEC, etc. This programme have two sub programmes

1                 Total sanitation Campaign

2                 Allocation Based Sanitation Programme

Under the allocation based sanitation programme 50% is for individual latrines, 10% for School sanitation, 15% for IEC, 5% for women complexes, 5% for Total Sanitation Packages,  10% for Rural Sanitation Mart and 5% for Administrative expenses.

The subsidy for sanitary latrine is Rs.500/- and the balance will be beneficiary contribution. The cost for RSM is Rs.3.5 lakhs.  The beneficiaries were selected by Grama Sabhas and approved by Grama Panchayats. The scheme is implemented by Grama Panchayats.

6.               INDIRA AWAAS YOJANA (IAY)

This programme is for the construction of houses for Rural Poor living below poverty line .  The programme is implemented by Block Panchayats.  Beneficiaries were selected by the Grama Sabhas.  The houses were constructed by the beneficiaries themselves.  The unit cost for a house in Kerala fixed by Govt. of India is Rs. 22,000/-. However Govt. of Kerala has raised it to Rs.35,000/-. The balance Rs.13,000/-  is provided by SC Development Department for SC/ST families and non SC families were assisted from the plan funds of Block Panchayats.

20% of the allocation under IAY is reserved for upgradation of existing Kacha houses. The maximum assistance is Rs.10,000/- 60% of the allocation is for SC/ST families, construction is done by the beneficiaries themselves.  Beneficiaries were selected by Grama Sabha

7.               RURAL INFRASTUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FUND

Rural Road Projects

This fund is provided by NABARD on a loan basis for infrastructure Development.  Large roads were undertaken under this programme.  The programme is implemented by Block Panchayats.  The minimum Road width should be 8 meters.  10% of the cost is shared by Block Panchayats.   Beneficiary Committee is executing the work.  An amount of Rs.989 lakhs was sanctioned by NABARD for the construction of 27 roads in this District.

8.               PRIME MINISTERíS GRAMA SADAK YOJANA (PMGSY)

Rural Road Connectivity

This programme aims at providing rural connectivity for the entire villages within a fixed time frame.  The funds were distributed from the diesel cess collected by Govt.of India.  The programme will provide road connectivity to a Village habitat to the nearest all weather road.

9.               SAMAGRA AWAAS YOJANA (SAY)

Ponani Block in Malappuram District is selected as the only Block in Kerala for the implementation of SAY. The Objective of SAY is to improve the quality of life of the people in a habitat and over all development of habitats in Rural Areas.  The scheme facilitates convergence of the activities of different departments involved in Rural Development such as housing, Sanitation, Drinking Water, Electricity, Rural Technology etc.  Govt. of India has already allotted Rs.25 lakhs and 100 houses were taken up, which are nearing completion. A detailed project report is already send to Govt. of India is awaiting approval.  This is a five year project costing each year Rs.3 crores.  The project consists of following components:

Housing 2880
Latrines 1725
Drinking water taps  300
Drainage   40 Nos
Electrification 1275
Roads  40
Shelter upgradation  3000
Worksheds   30

10.           CREDIT CUM SUBSIDY SCHEME FOR RURAL HOUSING

This scheme aims to assist the families living just above the Poverty Line to construct houses availing loan from banks with a subsidy assistance of Rs.10,000/-.  Maximum credit is Rs.40,000. The income ceiling is Rs. 32,000/-.  The programme is implemented by Block Panchayats.  Grama Panchayats will prepare the list on the basis of the recommendation of Grama Sabhas.

11.           Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)

This scheme aims to provide additional wage employment in the rural areas as food security, alongside the creation of durable community, social and economic assets and infrastructure development in these areas. Under this scheme, 5 Kgs of food grains (in kind) will be distributed as part of wages per man day.  The two relevant schemes ie EAS and JGSY are being merged into this scheme and will continue during the current year as a part, fully integrated from the next financial year (2002-2003) on wards.


ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT OF VARIOUS SCHEMES IMPLEMENTED THROUGH RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT DURING 2000-2001

Sl.No.

Scheme

Financial (Rs.in Lakhs)

% of Expenditure

Physical

Remarks

Allo-  cation

Funds Received /O.B

Expenditure

to allocation

to funds available

Unit

Target

Achieve-ment

During the month

Cumulative

1

Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY)

372.56

438.00

138.66

376.44

101.04

85.95

Lakh Mandays

2.73

2.63

2

Swarna Jayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana(SGSY)

206.25

225.81

68.09

254.28

123.29

112.61

No. of families

1860

2540

Excess expr. met from fund under DRDA (admn) and EAS

3

Indira Aawas Yojna (IAY)(New construction)

285.06

161.28

11.08

138.70

48.66

86.0

No. of houses

2463

1363

4

Indira Aawas Yojna (IAY)(Up gradation))

71.27

74.08

10.90

63.70

89.38

86.0

No. of houses

1273

622

5

Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS)

404.64

471.25

125.11

426.37

105.4

90.5

Lakh Mandays

2.19

3.16

6

Restructured Centrally sponsored Rural Sanitation Programme

38.85

0.00

24.45

62.9

No. of latrines

4121

2964

      Last Updated on 16-07-2005                TOP         BACK